Direct Fired Heaters

LNG Process

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LNG

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4, with some mixture of ethane, C2H6) that has been cooled down to liquid form for ease and safety of non-pressurized storage or transport. It takes up about 1/600th the volume of natural gas in the gaseous state (at standard conditions for temperature and pressure). It is odorless, colorless, non-toxic and non-corrosive. The liquefaction process involves the removal of certain components, such as dust, acid gases, helium, water, and heavy hydrocarbons, which could cause difficulty downstream. The natural gas is then condensed into a liquid at close to atmospheric pressure by cooling it to approximately −162 °C, maximum transport pressure is set at around 25 kPa (4 psi). Touted as a cleaner form of fuel as compared with the traditional fossil fuels, LNG is principally used for transporting natural gas to markets, where it is regasified and distributed as pipeline natural gas.